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Picto-liste.png List of commands


The simplified tool for generating ortho mosaic is Tawny, it is an interface to the Porto tool. The use of Tawny is quite simple because it assumes that the data have been correctly prepared and organized during the matching process. Practically this is done when the matching has been made using Malt and it is recommended to only use Tawny in conjunction with Malt. In Ortho Mode, Malt has created a set of individual ortho images, associated mask, incidence image, . . . in a directory Ortho-MEC-Malt/ The job of Tawny is essentially to merge these data and to optionally do some radiometric equalization.

For the radiometric equalization, Tawny will compute for each individual ortho image [math]O_i[/math] a polynom [math]P_i[/math] such that, [math]∀(i, j, x, y)[/math] where ortho image [math]O_i[/math] and [math]O_j[/math] are both defined in at the ground coordinates [math](x, y)[/math] we have the relation:

  • [math]O_i(x, y)*P_i(x, y) = O_j(x, y)*P_j(x, y)[/math]    (1)

The problem with such formula is that it can lead to important drift in radiometry. So there is also a global polynom R that is computed, this polynom is such that:

  • [math]O_i(x, y)*P_i(x, y)*R(x, y) = O_i(x, y)[/math]    (2)

The radiometry of each image used for the ortho photo will finally be [math]O_i(x, y)P_i(x, y)R(x, y)[/math]. Of course for equation (1) and (2), there is much more observations than unknowns and they are solved using least mean square. The user can control the radiometric equalization by specifying the degree of the polynom.


The global syntax for Tawny is :

mm3d Tawny Directory NamedArgs


A basic help can be asked with :

 mm3d Tawny -help 

Mandatory unnamed args :

  • string :: {Data directory}

Named args :

  • [Name=RadiomEgal] bool :: {Perform or not radiometric egalization (Def=true)}
  • [Name=DEq] INT :: {Degree of equalization (degree of polynoms Oi), Def=1}
  • [Name=DEqXY] Pt2di :: {Degree of equalization, if diff in X and Y}
  • [Name=AddCste] bool :: {Add unknown constant for equalization (Def=false)}
  • [Name=DegRap] INT :: {Degree of rappel to initial values (degree of global polynom R), Def = 0}
  • [Name=DegRapXY] Pt2di :: {Degree of rappel to initial values when different in X and Y, Def = 0}
  • [Name=RGP] bool :: {Rappel glob on physically equalized, Def = true}
  • [Name=DynG] REAL :: {Global Dynamic (to correct saturation problems)}
  • [Name=ImPrio] string :: {Pattern of image with high prio, def=.*}
  • [Name=SzV] INT :: {Sz of Window for equalization (Def=1, means 3x3)}
  • [Name=CorThr] REAL :: {Threshold of correlation to validate homologous (Def 0.7)}
  • [Name=NbPerIm] REAL :: {Average number of point per image (Def = 1e4)}
  • [Name=L1F] bool :: {Do L1 Filter on couple, def=true (change when process is blocked)}
  • [Name=SatThresh] REAL :: {Threshold determining saturation value (pixel >SatThresh will be ignored)}
  • [Name=Out] string :: {Name of output file (in the folder)}


For example in the Mur Saint Martin dataset (or whenever "Malt Ortho" was used without the "DirMEC" option changed), you can launch :

mm3d Tawny Ortho-MEC-Malt/